Historic and Archaeological Resources <BACK
Architectural history studies within the project area were conducted as early
as the mid-1970s and have continued in different projects throughout the years.
These surveys have produced valuable information, however, resources have been
identified, documented and evaluated to varying levels of detail. Previously identified
historic resources include the Borough of New Holland Historic District, the Eastern
Mill Creek Historic District, the Goodville Historic District and the New Holland
The types of historic buildings and structures that may be studied include
farmhouses, the Pennsylvania barn (noted for its forebay and cantilever overhang),
chicken houses, pig pens, corn cribs, silos, smoke houses, summer kitchens, springhouses,
carriage houses, outhouses, and pumphouses. Non-agricultural buildings within
the project area may include dwellings, churches, schools, stores and industrial
buildings associated with local communities along PA 23.
Rural agricultural properties, commercial buildings, light industrial structures,
and modern housing developments characterize land use within the corridor. Initial
settlement of the townships within the study area occurred during the eighteenth
century and some of the residential and agricultural structures built during that
time are still standing. Anabaptists fleeing religious persecution in the Germanic
areas of Europe settled the limestone valley, creating the Pennsylvania German
culture, which still influences the architecture and region today. The area also
contains a large number of resources dating from the late nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries reflecting its growth during the development of the railroads
through the region.
In order to identify and document the numbers and types of historic structures
that may be affected by the proposed improvements to PA 23, background and archival
research was conducted to collect information on previous surveys undertaken in
the area and to identify historic trends that contributed to the development of
the area. This information and data gathered during fieldwork was used to prepare
a Historic Context Report for the project, and will be used to complete Pennsylvania
Historic Resource Survey (PHRS) forms for historic resources located within the
Area of Potential Effect (APE).
The historic structures field survey, conducted during the winter of 2002-2003,
resulted in the identification of approximately 600 resources within the PA 23
APE. These resources include several historic districts and individual properties,
encompassing farmsteads, dwellings, commercial buildings, churches, schools, industrial
structures, and transportation related resources.