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HomePA Route 23 EIS

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Farmland Studies <BACK

HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN THE STUDY AREA

Lancaster County has long been known for its Plain Sect Culture and the farms the Old Order Communities support. The Amish and Mennonite communities in Lancaster County date back to the early 1700s, relocating from Europe as part of William Penn's "holy experiment" of religious tolerance. To this day, the historic agricultural heritage of Lancaster County is more than prevalent. There are more Old Order farms in the county than ever before, and any visit to Lancaster County will spark nostalgia with scenic vistas etched with horse drawn buggies, historic farmsteads, and covered bridges. Statistically, Lancaster County is the still the most productive agricultural county in Pennsylvania and boasts the most productive non-irrigated farmland in the world! Among Pennsylvania counties in the year 2000, Lancaster County was ranked first in every measured livestock category except one and either first or second in more than half of the measured categories of crop production. In addition, when compared to the average Pennsylvania county, Lancaster has more than six times the number of farms (5,910) and nearly four times the acres of farmland (421,000 acres).

The PA 23 EIS Study Area is quintessential Lancaster County - thriving Old Order Communities and rolling hills of farmland. There are numerous farms within the project's study area, many of which are operated by Amish or Mennonite farmers. Despite its heritage, the PA 23 EIS Study Area has not eluded growth and development. Some rural towns have developed into economic centers, promoting unplanned residential and commercial growth. In order to protect farmland from growth pressures, Lancaster County has purchased Agricultural Easements and developed an Agricultural Security Area program. Within the PA Route 23 study area alone, 43 farms have been purchased as Agricultural Easements and 62 are enrolled in the Agricultural Security Area program. Both of these numbers continue to increase as funding becomes available.

Lancaster County has been in the past and continues to be wealthy with agricultural resources. With conservation efforts like Agricultural Easements and Agricultural Security Areas, and through planned growth, like the PA 23 EIS project, Lancaster County's farmland will continue to thrive well into the future.

 
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